Cause and effect of diabetes essay


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  • Everything You Need to Know About Diabetes.
  • Introduction?

Then they provide the probable effects of the train system on the valley based upon similar results from other cities. These are just a couple of ways that causal analysis is utilized in society, so it is important to be able to understand it.

Type 1 diabetes

With the causal analysis essay, students are introduced to source-based writing. With the causal analysis, students will be expected to identify credible sources for their papers.


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They will read and assimilate the information, then incorporate it in their work as evidence and support. Many students find the causal analysis essay hard to write. They struggle with a few aspects. First, they struggle to identify an appropriate topic. Here are some examples:. In other words, x most definitely causes y, or y is a direct result of x. These topics are focused enough to provide sufficient information to complete a three to four page essay with in-depth analysis of the topic and support from outside sources.

Students make a few mistakes when choosing a topic. One mistake students make is to pick a topic that is too broad; for example, students choose topics like the causes of climate change or the effects of the Great Depression. Books have been written about topics like this. These topics provide too much information to cover in a short paper.

Instead of an in-depth analysis, the essay is shallow and rushed. Students need to avoid broad topics like these. The second mistake students make is confusing causes and reasons. A cause has a direct effect.

What are the different types of diabetes?

It explains how it occurred. For example, let's say that you put a glass of water in a freezer that is cold enough to freeze water; what will the outcome be?

Why Write a Causal Analysis or Cause/Effect Essay? - Humanities Libertexts

You get ice. The cause and prevention of type 1 diabetes are not particularly known; however, it is suspected to be a consequence of certain genetic factors. In type 2 diabetes mellitus, there is low production of insulin by the body cells or the body does not effectively make use of the produced insulin. The cause and cure of type 2 diabetes remains unknown; however, genetic factors and manner of living take part in its causes, and watching blood sugar level can control the disease.

Gestational diabetes happens when there is a development of high blood sugar level in pregnant women not previously diagnosed of diabetes. For mothers who had gestational diabetes during their first pregnancy, the probability that it will occur in subsequent pregnancies is approximately two-thirds. Furthermore, some patients may subsequently develop type 2 diabetes.

After pregnancy, diabetes type 1 or 2 may occur and will require obligatory treatment. The role of genetic factors as a cause of diabetes has been proven definitively. This is the main etiological factor for diabetes. IDDM is considered to be a polygenic disease which is based on at least two of the mutant genes in diabetic chromosome 6. They are associated with the HLA system D-locus , which determines the individual, genetically determined response of the body and B cells to various antigens.

The hypothesis of polygenic inheritance of IDDM suggests that diabetes is caused from two mutant genes or two groups of genes that have a recessive inherited predisposition to autoimmune lesions of the insular apparatus or increased sensitivity of B cells to viral antigens or attenuated antiviral immunity. Genetic susceptibility is linked with particular genes of HLA systems, which are considered markers of such a predisposition. Patients with a genetic predisposition to IDDM have an altered response to environmental factors.

They have weakened antiviral immunity, and they are extremely susceptible to cytotoxic damage to the B cells by viruses and chemical agents. Viral infection may be a factor that provokes the development of IDDM. The most common occurrence of IDDM clinically is preceded by the following viral infections: measles rubella virus has a tropism to the islets of the pancreas, accumulates, and can be replicated in them , Coxsackievirus and hepatitis B virus can be replicated in the insular apparatus , mumps years after the epidemic of mumps, the incidence of IDDM in children dramatically increases , infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, influenza virus, etc.

Long and Short Essay on Diabetes in English

The role of viral infection is confirmed by seasonality in the incidence of IDDM development often, the first diagnosed cases of IDDM among children occur in autumn and winter months, with a peak incidence in October and January , the detection of high titers of antibodies to the virus in the blood of patients with IDDM, and the detection by immunofluorescent methods for studying viral particles in the islets of Langerhans in people who have died of IDDM.

The role of viral infections in the development of IDDM is confirmed in experimental studies.

Causes & Treatment Of Type 2 Diabetes - Manipal Hospital

Viral infections among individuals with a genetic predisposition to IDDM are involved in the development of the disease as follows:. First stage — a genetic predisposition, due to the presence of certain antigens in the HLA system, as well as genes of chromosomes 11 and Second stage — the initiation of the autoimmune process in islands of B cells influenced with viruses, cytotoxic agents and any other unknown factors.

A crucial point in this step is the expression of B cells HLA-DR-antigen and glutamic acid, and therefore, they become autoantigens that cause the development of autoimmune response reactions.

Third stage — the stage of the active immunological process with formation of antibodies to B cells, insulin and autoimmune insulitis development. Fourth stage — the progressive reduction of insulin secretion stimulated by glucose 1-phase secretion of insulin. Fifth stage — clinical diabetes the manifestation of diabetes. Its length depends on the severity and degree of B cell damage, their ability to regenerate, and the level of residual insulin secretion, as well as the severity and frequency of related viral infections.


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  7. Sixth stage — the complete destruction of b-cells, and a complete lack of insulin secretion and C-peptide. Clinical signs of diabetes form and insulin treatment becomes necessary again.