Writing quotes in essay
The text after the colon, however, can be just a few words if required. Alternatively, you can use a comma to introduce a quote. Finally, for longer quotations, you can use a block quote. Furthermore, quoted text should be indented and begin on a new line, as shown below:. The barely visible painting depicts three hunters with spears and five horsemen with dogs pursuing their prey, wild boars and lions.
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This and three other paintings discovered in the adjacent tomb are among the few extant examples of fourth-century BC Greek frescoes. This emphasises how important the discovery was for understanding…. To set quoted text apart from your own, you should leave spaces before and after the quotation, and indent it from the margin; you should place the source in brackets below it on the right.
Here is an example:. This contrary biass is easily accounted for.
Hume, Treatise of Human Nature , I. This quotation is useful for illustrating another important point.
Unless you indicate to the contrary, the reader will assume that you are quoting accurately, that your text reproduces the precise wording and punctuation of the original. In the above quotation, there are several features of Hume's style which would not be acceptable in modern English, including the use of the contraction ''tis', the spelling of 'biass', the use of 'discover' nowadays we would say 'reveal' , and the placing of a comma before the first occurrence of 'which'.
How to Put a Quote in an Essay
This last stylistic feature is unacceptable in modern English because we distinguish between defining relative clauses and non-defining such clauses: the latter are marked off by commas, the former not. The relative clause in question in the above passage is defining, and so should not be introduced by a comma. See the grammar page under Relative Clauses. It is perfectly permissible to make changes to a quoted text, so long as you indicate that you have done so and if the changes are important, you should actually list them, appropriately in a footnote.
For example, you might wish to quote a text in translation, but be unhappy with some aspects of the published translation you have to hand.
How to start an essay with a quote?
In this situation, if you cannot find a published translation you regard as satisfactory, you could either a do your own translation, or b use an already available translation as a basis, but make some modifications to it, inserting the words 'translation adapted' or similar in parenthesis after the quotation.
Quotations set out separately do not have to be grammatically complete, so long as they are integrated grammatically into the flow of your text in which case make sure you 'punctuate them in' correctly: see the punctuation page under Using the Colon and Indenting Material. If you want to miss out any material from the original, or finish the quotation before the end of a sentence in the original, place three dots with a space before and after in the location of the omitted material.
If you insert words of your own into a quotation to make the grammar fit your text, or to disambiguate a pronoun, for example , enclose those words in square brackets. Verse should be quoted as verse. Familiarize yourself with the various verbs commonly used to introduce quotations. Here is a partial list:.
How to Put a Quote in Your Essay Like a Pro – Kibin Blog
Each verb has its own nuance. Make sure that the nuance matches your specific aims in introducing the quotation. Vary the way you introduce quotations to avoid sounding monotonous. But never sacrifice precision of phrasing for the sake of variety. If your quotation is lengthy, you should almost always introduce it with a full sentence that helps capture how it fits into your argument.
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- Quotation Marks.
If your quotation is longer than four lines, do not place it in quotation marks. Instead, set it off as a block quotation :. Hence his lack of any constructive suggestion anywhere in his work. He attacks the law, parliamentary government, the educational system and so forth, without ever clearly suggesting what he would put in their places. For in reality his target is not so much society as human nature.
The full-sentence introduction to a block quotation helps demonstrate your grasp of the source material, and it adds analytical depth to your essay. But the introduction alone is not enough. Long quotations almost invariably need to be followed by extended analysis. Never allow the quotation to do your work for you.
Usually you will want to keep the quotation and your analysis together in the same paragraph. Hence it is a good idea to avoid ending a paragraph with a quotation.
But if your analysis is lengthy, you may want to break it into several paragraphs, beginning afresh after the quotation. Once in a while you can reverse the pattern of quotation followed by analysis. A felicitously worded or an authoritative quotation can, on occasion, nicely clinch an argument.
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- Essay Tips: Introducing Quotations | Proofed’s Writing Tips.
There is some flexibility in the rule that block quotations are for passages of four lines or more: a shorter passage can be represented as a block quotation if it is important enough to stand on its own. For example, when you are quoting two or more lines of poetry , you will probably want to display the verse as it appears on the page:. What dire offense from amorous causes springs, What mighty contests rise from trivial things. If you choose to integrate verse into your own sentence, then use a slash surrounded by spaces to indicate line breaks:.