Stem cells controversy essay
Throughout medical history humans have strived to understand the many functions of the human body. From the first operation ever performed, to the sequencing of the human genome, stem cell research is the next step in modern medical science. According to the Committee on Government Reform, there has been much opposition and controversy as to whether or not the government should fund stem cell research. This, in turn, has sparked a huge political debate that is still on going today. The fact of the matter is that stem cells are the key factor to new research and technology, and can lead to revolutionary developments in curing diseases that have been killing millions for decades House of Reps We can only hope that our government will take the step in medical technology and research in order to better the lives of Americans.
Therefore, the federal government should allow federal money to be used for research on stem cells derived from excess frozen embryos and aborted fetuses. An article on the use of fetal stem cells explains that rats and cats have recently been used in experiments that have made it possible to transplant fetal tissue into damaged spinal cords in order to improve movement. In May , the House of Representatives voted — to loosen the limitations on federally funded embryonic stem-cell research — by allowing government-funded research on surplus frozen embryos from in vitro fertilization clinics to be used for stem cell research with the permission of donors — despite Bush's promise to veto the bill if passed.
Frist R- TN , announced that he too favored loosening restrictions on federal funding of embryonic stem cell research. The Senate passed the first bill the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act 63—37, which would have made it legal for the federal government to spend federal money on embryonic stem cell research that uses embryos left over from in vitro fertilization procedures.
The second bill makes it illegal to create, grow, and abort fetuses for research purposes. The third bill would encourage research that would isolate pluripotent, i. With an income tax credit, the bill favors research upon non—embryonic stem cells obtained from placentas , umbilical cord blood , amniotic fluid , humans after birth, or unborn human offspring who died of natural causes; the bill was referred to committee. Paul argued that hESC research is outside of federal jurisdiction either to ban or to subsidize. Bush vetoed another bill, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of ,  which would have amended the Public Health Service Act to provide for human embryonic stem cell research.
The bill passed the Senate on April 11 by a vote of 63—34, then passed the House on June 7 by a vote of — President Bush vetoed the bill on July 19, On March 9, , President Obama removed the restriction on federal funding for newer stem cell lines. So, while scientists might not be free to create new lines with federal funding, President Obama's policy allows the potential of applying for such funding into research involving the hundreds of existing stem cell lines as well as any further lines created using private funds or state-level funding. The ability to apply for federal funding for stem cell lines created in the private sector is a significant expansion of options over the limits imposed by President Bush, who restricted funding to the 21 viable stem cell lines that were created before he announced his decision in China has one of the most permissive human embryonic stem cell policies in the world.
In the absence of a public controversy, human embryo stem cell research is supported by policies that allow the use of human embryos and therapeutic cloning. Generally speaking, no group advocates for unrestricted stem cell research, especially in the context of embryonic stem cell research. According to Rabbi Levi Yitzchak Halperin of the Institute for Science and Jewish Law in Jerusalem, embryonic stem cell research is permitted so long as it has not been implanted in the womb.
Not only is it permitted, but research is encouraged, rather than wasting it. Similarly, the sole Jewish majority state, Israel , permits research on embryonic stem cells.
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The Catholic Church opposes human embryonic stem cell research calling it "an absolutely unacceptable act. Specific examples include a grant from the Catholic Archiocese of Sydney which funded research demonstrating the capabilities of adult stem cells, and the U.
Conference of Catholic Bishops working to pass federal legislation creating a nationwide public bank for umbilical cord blood stem cells. The Southern Baptist Convention opposes human embryonic stem cell research on the grounds that "Bible teaches that human beings are made in the image and likeness of God Gen. The United Methodist Church opposes human embryonic stem cell research, saying, "a human embryo , even at its earliest stages, commands our reverence. The Assemblies of God opposes human embryonic stem cell research, saying, it "perpetuates the evil of abortion and should be prohibited.
The religion of Islam generally favors the stance that scientific research and development in terms of stem cell research is allowed as long as it benefits society while using the least amount of harm to the subjects. With there being no true guidelines set forth in the Qur'an against the study of biomedical testing, Muslims have adopted any new studies as long as the studies do not contradict another teaching in the Qur'an.
In specific instances, different sources have issued fatwas , or nonbinding but authoritative legal opinions according to Islamic faith, ruling on conduct in stem cell research. Several different governments in predominantly Muslim countries have also supported stem cell research, notably Saudi Arabia and Iran. The First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints "has not taken a position regarding the use of embryonic stem cells for research purposes. The absence of a position should not be interpreted as support for or opposition to any other statement made by Church members, whether they are for or against embryonic stem cell research.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Main article: Stem cell. Main article: Stem cell laws.
Main article: Stem cell laws and policy in the United States. Congressional response [ edit ] In April , members of Congress signed a letter urging President Bush to expand federal funding of embryonic stem cell research beyond what Bush had already supported. Jewish view [ edit ] According to Rabbi Levi Yitzchak Halperin of the Institute for Science and Jewish Law in Jerusalem, embryonic stem cell research is permitted so long as it has not been implanted in the womb. However in order to remove all doubt [as to the permissibility of destroying it], it is preferable not to destroy the pre-embryo unless it will otherwise not be implanted in the woman who gave the eggs either because there are many fertilized eggs, or because one of the parties refuses to go on with the procedure — the husband or wife — or for any other reason.
Certainly it should not be implanted into another woman The best and worthiest solution is to use it for life-saving purposes, such as for the treatment of people that suffered trauma to their nervous system, etc. Catholicism [ edit ] The Catholic Church opposes human embryonic stem cell research calling it "an absolutely unacceptable act.
International Journal of Cell Biology.
Learn Genetics. Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 9 May CBS News. Nobel Media AB. Bibcode : Sci Bibcode : Natur. ABC News. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 8, ", Human Embryos Frozen in U. Retrieved August 24, The Washington Post. National Institutes of Health. Archived from the original on Medical News Today.
Introduction: Stem Cells
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Stem Cell Essay
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